Visa rules jeopardies HIV management

Monash University sexual health expert has warned that an unintended consequence of Australia’s migration rules could compromise Australia’s goal to end the HIV epidemic by 2030.

This is because they must show their medical spending will not total more than $51,000 over ten years – a requirement, known as the Significant Cost Threshold, designed to screen out applicants who might pose extra costs to Australia’s health system.

“Being on the most effective treatments puts many people beyond that threshold, resulting in automatic rejection of their application for PR,” said Associate Professor Ong, whose findings were published in the journal Sexual Health.

“Unfortunately, cheaper treatments aren’t as good at controlling HIV, and they’re not as safe.”

Australia is a world leader in extending PrEP (an antiviral medicine that prevents HIV) to groups at risk of HIV, and is working towards elimination of HIV transmission by 2030. This does not mean zero new cases of HIV, but the absence of sustained endemic community transmission.

The study involved presenting the journeys of six patients with a mean age of 39 years living with HIV and migrating to Australia from Asian and European countries.

“We know that overseas-born gay and bisexual men are showing slower declines in transmission,” Associate Professor Ong said. “It’s important to bring this group with us as we work towards elimination.”

“Thanks to antiretroviral therapies, HIV is now a manageable, chronic disease. It benefits everyone in the community if people living with HIV are on the right treatments.”

Dash Heath-Paynter, the CEO of Health Equity Matters — the national federation for the HIV community response — urged the Federal Government to examine New Zealand’s 2022 decision to raise its medical expenses threshold from NZ$41,000 to $81,000.

“There may be other options to help solve this problem, but raising the significant medical costs threshold would be a very good starting point,” Mr Heath-Paynter said



Must Read

Reprogramming the immune system to fight type 1 diabetes

New Treatments that reprogram the immune system could work as an early intervention for children at high risk of developing type 1 diabetes (T1D),...